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Chapter 2 Why Linux is important?

Tags: advantages of linuxfeatures of linuxlinux freedomsecurity in linuxuser and linuxwhy linux

Published on: May 3, 2009 by Faheem P.

Chapter 2 Why Linux is important?

Scenario:

Linux servers has its own importance nowadays days due to the following reasons, which other OS’s may not have !

  1. Freedom’s in Linux :-
  2. If you have been following the Open Source movement, you know I am not talking about the price of the software when I say freedom.

    Free not as in free drinks. But Free as in Freedom or Free speech. In most cases, you get free drinks though 🙂

    Freedom 0 – The freedom to run the program, for any purpose :-
    Yes, the users have the freedom to run the program for any purposes like software development, animation, designing, desktops etc. We can run the program without any prior license from any authorities.

    Freedom 1 – The freedom to study.
    In Linux we have got the freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it according to our needs. Access to the source code is a precondition for this, which is allowed in Linux.

    Freedom 2 – The freedom to redistribute the copies.
    We can distribute our copy of linux through dvd’s, pen-drives etc, so that we can help our neighbor & fellow human beings.

    Freedom 3 – The freedom to improve the program.
    Since we have the access to the source code, we can modify it and release our improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits.

    A program is free software if users have all of these freedoms.

    And for a desktop user, most importantly, the freedom from viruses, as long as you use the software downloaded from the software repository of your OS 🙂

  3. Multi-User Environment:-
  4. Linux supports multi-user enviornment, ie several users are allowed to login to the same system with different permissions.

  5. Potability :-
  6. Linux is  portable. It is possible to reuse the existing code instead of creating new code when moving software from an environment to another. The portability is the key issue for development cost reduction.

  7. Intimate knowledge of the hardware :-
  8. Noting better than Linux to know your machine’s hardware information. A detailed information could be seen using a command ‘lspci’.(use option -vvv for more detailed info)

    supportsage@supportsage-desktop:~$ lspci
    00:00.0 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. K8M800 Host Bridge
    00:00.1 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. K8M800 Host Bridge
    00:00.2 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. K8M800 Host Bridge
    00:00.3 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. K8M800 Host Bridge
    00:00.4 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. K8M800 Host Bridge
    00:00.7 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. K8M800 Host Bridge
    00:01.0 PCI bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8237 PCI bridge [K8T800/K8T890 South]
    00:0f.0 IDE interface: VIA Technologies, Inc. VIA VT6420 SATA RAID Controller (rev 80)
    00:0f.1 IDE interface: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82C586A/B/VT82C686/A/B/VT823x/A/C PIPC Bus Master IDE (rev 06)
    00:10.0 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 81)
    00:10.1 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 81)
    00:10.2 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 81)
    00:10.3 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 81)
    00:10.4 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. USB 2.0 (rev 86)
    00:11.0 ISA bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8237 ISA bridge [KT600/K8T800/K8T890 South]
    00:11.5 Multimedia audio controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8233/A/8235/8237 AC97 Audio Controller (rev 60)
    00:12.0 Ethernet controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT6102 [Rhine-II] (rev 78)
    00:18.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 [Athlon64/Opteron] HyperTransport Technology Configuration
    00:18.1 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 [Athlon64/Opteron] Address Map
    00:18.2 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 [Athlon64/Opteron] DRAM Controller
    00:18.3 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 [Athlon64/Opteron] Miscellaneous Control
    01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. S3 Unichrome Pro VGA Adapter (rev 01)

    An example for more detailed hardware information is given below.

    supportsage@supportsage-desktop:~$ lspci -vvv
    00:00.0 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. K8M800 Host Bridge
    Subsystem: VIA Technologies, Inc. K8M800 Host Bridge
    Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
    Status: Cap+ 66MHz+ UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort+ >SERR- <PERR-
    Latency: 8
    Region 0: Memory at e8000000 (32-bit, prefetchable) [size=128M]
    Capabilities: <access denied>

  9. No BSOD – Blue Screen of Death :-
  10. The BSOD is a colloquialism used for the error screen displayed by some other operating systems. And a Linux based system is free from this.

  11. Upgradeability :-
  12. The Linux servers could be upgraded quite easily, with the help of on-line repositories. Upgradation is possible without any changes in the system configuration and saved data’s.

  13. Customization :-
  14. Linux machine can be easily customised accourding to the user expectations. I leave , how to customise Linux to your imagination.

  15. Security – viruses, worms and trojans :-
  16. Linux servers are well known for its security. 65% of the server running in the world are Linux servers. Linux machines are very less infected by viruses, worms and trojans.

  17. Maturity – Stable, Reliable and Extremely powerful :-
  18. Another fine reason for using server’s based on Linux is its ‘stability’ & ‘reliability’. No reboot is needed, except for kernel upgrades. OS like windows XP need a reboot, even a new application software is installed.

  19. Support :-
  20. You can get support for Linux from millions of forums, live IRC’s and even from your local LUG(Linux User Group). All are there to help you 🙂

  21. Complete development environment :-
  22. A C compiler for Windows alone would set you back hundreds of dollars. Whereas in Linux, most of the development libraries like gcc, perl, python, javac etc comes built-in.

Category : Linux, Security, Training

Faheem P.

Faheem P.

Faheem enjoys learning new technologies and loves to implement cutting edge solutions. He is one of the most active member in various technical forums and is a familiar face in various brain storming sessions. He takes great pride in being an explorer and the best thing you can be sure about in his room is the backpack!!

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